Guidelines for Authors

Authors are welcome to download the full version of Guidelines or Athors.

Types of Submission

Oral Sciences Reports invites the following submissions:

1. Original articles

Original contributions of research reports or unpublished recent academic research to the development and applications in dentistry and related fields. The original article must not exceed 4000 words in length and must contain no more than 10 figures and tables in total.

2. Review articles

Comprehensive reviews of special areas of focus in dentistry and related fields. Articles that contain important collected data from numerous books or journals and from the writer’s experience. Information should be described, reviewed, compared, and analyzed. The review article must not exceed 4000 words in length and must contain no more than 10 figures and tables in total.

3. Systematic reviews

Clearly formulated reviews that uses systematic and reproducible methods to identify, select and critically appraise all relevant research, and to collect and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.

4. Case reports/series

Original findings that highlight novel technical and/or clinical aspects in dentistry and related fields which include clinical symptoms, diagnosis, patient care, treatment, follow-up, and evaluation. The report must not exceed 2500 words in length and must contain no more than 5 figures.

5. Letters to the Editor

Commentaries on published papers in the journal and other relevant matters that must not exceed 1000 words in length

6. Short communications

Original contributions describing new developments of high impact that justify expedited review. The report must not exceed 2000 words in length and must contain no more than 3 figures.

Submission Checklist

Authors should ensure to prepare the following items for submission. Failure to complete the required items may contribute to the delay of publication process. Please check the relevant section in this guideline for more details.

1. Title page

Must include the title of the article, author names, and affiliations. One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details (e-mail address and full postal address) (see ‘Title page’ section for more information and an example)

2. CRediT Contribution

Author will be asked to provide CRediT Contributions as well as their degree of contribution at the time of the original submission. CRediT Contribution is a high-level classification of the diverse roles performed in the work leading to published research output in the sciences. Its purpose is to provide transparency in contributions to scholarly published work, to enable improved systems of attribution, credit, and accountability.

3. Abstract

Must not exceed 250 words. Relevant keywords (up to five keywords) must be included at the end of the abstract. (see the ‘Abstract’ section for more details)

4. Main Manuscript

Author details and affiliation must not be included. (see ‘Manuscript’ section for more details)

5. Figures

Should include relevant captions. (see the ‘Figures’ section for more details)

6. Tables

Should include titles, descriptions, and footnotes. (see the ‘Tables’ section for more details)

7. Supplementary data

Authors should include a certificate of language editing and approval, and other relevant data (if applicable)

Additional considerations the author should confirm before submission:

1. Manuscript must be ‘spell-checked', ‘grammar-checked', and ‘plagiarism-checked’. We suggest using either a certified language approval institution or an online platform for language editing. Please visit Cambridge Proofreading and Editing LLC for a trusted professional English proofreading and editing services.
2. All figures, tables, and references mentioned in the text should match the files provided.
3. Permission must be obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the internet).
4. Authors must provide conflicts of interest statement, even if there is no conflict of interests to declare

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Manuscript Preparation

All texts in the submitted manuscript are required to be inclusive language throughout that acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes equal opportunities. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, for instance by using 'he or she', 'his/her' instead of 'he' or 'his', and by making use of job titles that are free of stereotyping (for instance by using 'chairperson' instead of 'chairman' and 'flight attendant' instead of 'stewardess'). Articles should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any reader, should contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, religion, culture, or any other characteristic.

  1. Title page (see ‘Title page’ for an example)
  2. The title page will remain separate from the manuscript throughout the peer review process and will not be sent to the reviewers. It should include the following details:

    • The title should be concise, information-retrieval, and not exceed 30 words. Please avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript number immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of each author.
    • The corresponding author will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Please ensure that the e-mail address and contact details given are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  3. Abstract
  4. Abstract must not exceed 250 words with concise and informative explanations about the article. Authors must prepare an abstract separately from the main manuscript using Microsoft Word processing software (.doc or .docx). Please avoid references and uncommon abbreviations, but if essential, abbreviations must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Abstract structure of the original articles must consist of ‘Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions’.

    Abstract of other types of submitted articles should be summarized in one paragraph. Up to five keywords relevant to the articles must be provided and arranged in alphabetical order.

  5. Manuscript
  6. Oral Sciences Reports adheres to a double-blinded review. The main body of the paper (including the references, figures, tables and any acknowledgements) must not include any identifying information, such as the authors' names. The layout of the manuscript must be as simple as possible with double-spaced, single-column format with Sans Serif font and uploaded as an editable Microsoft Word processing file (.doc or .docx). Complex codes or hyphenate options must be avoided, but emphatic options such as boldface, italics, subscripts, and superscripts, etc. are encouraged.

    1. Original Article

        • Introduction should include literature reviews of previous studies, research questions, and the rationale for conducting the study. The Introduction should not be too long and should be easy to read and understand while avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
        • Methods should provide sufficient details in a logical sequence to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
        • Results should show the data gained from the study’s design in text, tables and/or illustrations, as appropriate, and be clear and concise.
        • Discussion is criticism, explanation, and defense of the results from the standpoint of the author, and comparison with other peoples’ reports. The discussion can include criticism of materials, methods and study results, problems, and difficulties, pointing out the benefits of adoption and providing feedback where appropriate. Discussions should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
        • Conclusions refer to a summary of the study or research results.
        • Acknowledgments: Please specify contributors to the article other than the authors accredited. Please also include specifications of the source of funding for the study.
          Formatting of funding source:
          This work was supported by the first organization name [grant numbers xxxx]; the second organization name [grant number yyyy]; and the third organization name [grant number zzzz].
          If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
          This research did not receive any specific grant or funding from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
        • References should be confined to documents relating to the author’s article or study. The number should not exceed 80, placed in order and using numbers which are superscripted and put in parentheses, starting with number 1 in the article and in the reference document’s name. (see ‘References’ section for more information regarding reference formatting)

      2. Review Articles

      should be divided into Introduction, Review, and Conclusions. The Introduction section should be focused to place the subject matter in context and to justify the need for the review. The Review section should be divided into logical sub-sections in order to improve readability and enhance understanding. Search strategies must be described, and the use of state-of-the-art evidence-based systematic approaches is expected. The use of tabulated and illustrative material is encouraged. The Conclusion section should reach clear conclusions and/or recommendations on the basis of the evidence presented.

      3. Systematic Review

        • Introduction should be focused to place the subject matter in context and to justify the need for the review.
        • Methods should be divided into logical sub-sections in order to improve readability and enhance understanding (e.g. details of protocol registration, literature search process, inclusion/exclusion criteria, data extraction, quality assessment, outcome(s) of interest, data synthesis and statistical analysis, quality of evidence).
        • Results should present in structured fashion (e.g. results of the search process, characteristics of the included studies, results of primary meta-analysis, additional analysis, publication bias, quality of evidence).
        • Discussion should summarize the results, highlighting completeness and applicability of evidence, quality of evidence, agreements and disagreements with other studies or reviews, strength and limitations, implications for practice and research.
        • Conclusion(s) should reach clear conclusions and/or recommendations on the basis of the evidence presented.

        4. Case Reports/Series

        should be divided into Introduction, Case report, Discussion and Conclusions. They should be well illustrated with clinical images, radiographs and histologic figures and supporting tables where appropriate. However, all illustrations must be of the highest quality.

        There are some necessary considerations which should be comprehended and consistent throughout the article:

          1. Abbreviations: define abbreviations at their first occurrence in the article: in the abstract and in the main text after it. Please ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
          2. Mathematical expressions: the numbers identifying mathematical expressions should be placed in parentheses after the equation, flush to the right margin; when referring to equations within text, use the following style: Eq. (5), Eqs. (3-10), [see Eq. (4)], etc.
          3. Nomenclature: abbreviations and acronyms should be spelled out the first time they are used in the manuscript or spelled out in tables and figures (if necessary). Units of measure and time require no explanation. Dental nomenclature in the manuscript should be complete words, such as maxillary right central incisor. Numbering of teeth from pictures or tables should follow the FDI two-digit system.
          4. Units: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI.
          5. Product identification: all products mentioned in the text should be identified with the name of the manufacturer, city, state, and country in parentheses after the first mention of the product, for example, The ceramic crown was cemented on dentin surface with resin cement (RelyXTM U200, 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA)…

  7. Figures
      Figures should be prepared and submitted separately from the main manuscript. Color artworks are encouraged at no additional charge. Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when the electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘save as’ or ‘export’ or convert the images to EPS, TIFF, or JPEG format with the minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Keep the artwork in uniform lettering, sizing, and similar fonts. Please do not submit graphics that are too low in resolution or disproportionately large for the content. Authors must submit each illustration as a separate file. Please ensure that each illustration has a caption according to their sequence in the text and supply captions separately in editable Microsoft Word processing file (.doc or .docx), not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
  8. Tables
      Please submit tables as editable Microsoft Word processing files (.doc or .docx), not as images, and avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. Each table should be placed on a separate page, not next to the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body while ensuring that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
  9. References

Citation in text
Any citations in the text should be placed in order and using numbers which are superscripted and put in parentheses. Please ensure that all citations are also present in the reference list consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.

Reference style
All references should be brought together at the end of the paper consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and should be in the Vancouver reference format. Please follow these examples of correct reference format below:

1. Journal Article
1.1. One to six authors

Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of article. Abbreviated journal title. Publication year;volume(issue):pages.
Parvez GM. Pharmacological activities of mango (Mangifera Indica): A review. J Pharmacognosy Phytother. 2016;5(3):1-7.
Choi YS, Cho IH. An effect of immediate dentin sealing on the shear bond strength of resin cement to porcelain restoration. J Adv Prosthodont. 2010;2(2):39-45.
Firmino RT, Ferreira FM, Martins CC, Granville‐Garcia AF, Fraiz FC, Paiva SM. Is parental oral health literacy a predictor of children's oral health outcomes? Systematic review of the literature. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2018;28(5):459-71.

1.2. More than six authors

Author(s) – Family name and initials of the first six authors, et al. Title of article. Abbreviated journal title. Publication year;volume(issue):pages.
Vera J, Siqueira Jr JF, Ricucci D, Loghin S, Fernández N, Flores B, et al. One-versus two-visit endodontic treatment of teeth with apical periodontitis: a histobacteriologic study. J Endod. 2012;38(8):1040-52.

1.3. Article in press

Authors separated by commas – Family name and initials. Title of article. Abbreviated journal title in italics. Forthcoming - year of expected publication.
Cho HJ, Shin MS, Song Y, Park SK, Park SM, Kim HD. Severe periodontal disease increases acute myocardial infarction and stroke: a 10-year retrospective follow-up study. J Dent Res. Forthcoming 2021.

2. Books
2.1. Book with author (s)

Author(s) – Family name and initials (no more than 2 initials with no spaces between initials)– Multiple authors separated by a comma. After the 6th author add - "et al". Title of book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of publication: Publisher name; Year of publication.
Sherwood IA. Essentials of operative dentistry. Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer Ltd; 2010.
Abrahams PH, Boon JM, Spratt JD. McMinn's clinical atlas of human anatomy. 6th edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2008.

2.2. Book with no author

Title of book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of publication: Publisher name; Year of publication.
Note: Do not use anonymous. Please begin a reference with the title of the book if there is no person or organization identified as the author and no editors or translators are given.
A guide for women with early breast cancer. Sydney: National Breast Cancer; 2003.

2.3. Chapter in a book

Author(s) of chapter - Family name and initials, Title of chapter. In: Editor(s) of book - Family name and initials, editors. Title of book. edition (if not first). Place of publication: Publisher name; Year of publication. p. [page numbers of chapter].
Rowlands TE, Haine LS. Acute limb ischaemia. In: Donnelly R, London NJM, editors. ABC of arterial and venous disease. 2nd ed. West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing; 2009. p. 123-140.

3. Thesis/dissertation
3.1. Thesis in print

Author - family name followed by initials. Thesis title [type of thesis]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.
Kay JG. Intracellular cytokine trafficking and phagocytosis in macrophages [dissertation]. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2007.

3.2. Thesis retrieved from full text database or internet

Author - family named followed by initials. Thesis title [type of thesis/dissertation on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year [cited date – year month day]. Available from: URL
Pahl KM. Preventing anxiety and promoting social and emotional strength in early childhood: an investigation of risk factors [dissertation on the Internet]. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2009 [cited 2017 Nov 22]. Available from:

4. Webpage
4.1. Webpage with author

Author/organization's name. Title of the page [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Publication date or year [updated date - year month day; cited date - year month day]. Available from: URL
American Dental Association. COVID-19 and Oral Health Conditions [Internet]. Chicago: American Dental Association; 2021 Feb 12 [updated 2021 Feb 12; cited 2021 Jun 24]. Available from:

4.2. Webpage with no authors

Title [Internet]. Place of publication (if available): Publisher's name (if available); Publication date or year [updated date (if available); cited date]. Available from: URL
Dentistry and ADHD [Internet]. 2019 Jan 15 [updated 2019 Jan 15; cited 2020 Apr 8]. Available from:

4.3. Image on a webpage

Author/organization. Title [image on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; Publication date or year [updated date; cited date]. Available from: URL
Note: If the image does not have a title - give the image a meaningful title in square brackets.
Poticny DJ. An Implant-Supported Denture Offers a Number of Advantages [image on the Internet]. Texas: Office of Dan Poticny; 2018 Nov 21 [updated 2018 Nov 21; cited 2019 Aug 30]. Available from:

5. Government Publications/Reports
5.1. Reports and other government publications

Author(s). Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication – year month (if applicable). Total number of pages (if applicable eg. 24 p.) Report No.: (if applicable)
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Oral health and dental care in Australia: key facts and figures trends 2014. Canberra: AIWH; 2014.

5.2. Government reports available online

Author(s). Title of report. Report No.: (if applicable). [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher or Institution; Publication date or year [updated date - year month day; cited date - year month day]. Available from: URL
World Health Organization. WHO mortality database [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019 Dec 31 [updated 2019 Dec 31; cited 2021 Mar 29]. Available from:

6. Tables/Figures/Appendices

Follow the format of book, journal or website in which you found the table/figure/appendix followed by: table/figure/image/appendix number of original source, Title of table/figure/appendix from original source; p. Page number of table/figure/appendix from original source.
Note: each reference to a different table/figure within the same document requires a separate entry in the Reference list. Please provide permission documents from the original sources.
Smith J, Lipsitch M, Almond JW. Vaccine production, distribution, access, and uptake. Lancet 2011;378(9789):428‐438. Table 1, Examples of vaccine classes and associated industrial challenges; p. 429.

7. Journal abbreviation source

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the Web of Science - Journal Title Abbreviations.