The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers

Nowadays, the application of digital technologies and devices are widely used in dentistry. The explanation of the innovative and advanced digital technology for designing and fabricating the provisional restorations transfers to final restorations. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) in digital dentistry has numerous advantages and greater efficiency and accuracy over the conventional techniques. The digital smile design (DSD) is used for esthetic dentistry especially in case of veneer and can be improved the effectiveness and efficiency of dentist to patient and dentist to technician communication. However, the applications of DSD and CAD/CAM require an understanding of the principal concept and digital technology to create the precise and esthetic outcome of the final restoration.

1. Alghazzawi TF. Advancements in CAD/CAM technology: options for practical implementation. J Prosthodont Res. 2016;60(2):72-84.

2. Antov H, Jablonski RY, Keeling A, Nixon P. CAD/CAM techniques for the conservative and efficient management of tooth wear. Br Dent J. 2019;227(9):791-6.

3. Beuer F, Schweiger J, Edelhoff D. Digital dentistry: an overview of recent developments for CAD/CAM generated restorations. Br Dent J. 2008;204(9):505-11.

4. Zimmermann M, Mehl A, Mörmann W, Reich S. Intraoral scanning systems-a current overview. Int J Comput Dent. 2015;18(2):101-29.

5. Tapiea L, Lebonb N, Mawussic B, Chabouisd HF, Durete F, Attalf J. Understanding dental CAD/CAM for restorations–the digital workflow from a mechanical engineering viewpoint. Int J Comput. 2015;18(1):21-44.

6. Abdel-Azim T, Zandinejad A, Metz M, Morton D. Maxillary and mandibular rehabilitation in the esthetic zone using a digital impression technique and CAD/CAM-fabricated prostheses: a multidisciplinary clinical report. Oper Dent. 2015;40(4):350-6.

7. Jassim ZM, Majeed MA. Comparative evaluation of the fracture strength of monolithic crowns fabricated from different all-ceramic CAD/CAM materials (an in vitro study). Biomed Pharmacol J. 2018;11(3):1689-97.

8. Methani MM, Revilla‐León M, Zandinejad A. The potential of additive manufacturing technologies and their processing parameters for the fabrication of all‐ceramic crowns: a review. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2020;32(2):182-92.

9. Abdulla MA, Ali H, Jamel RS. CAD-CAM technology: a literature review. Al–Rafidain Dent J. 2020;20(1):95-113.

10. Kim JH, Kim KB, Kim WC, Kim JH, Kim HY. Accuracy and precision of polyurethane dental arch models fabricated using a three-dimensional subtractive rapid prototyping method with an intraoral scanning technique. Korean J Orthod. 2014;44(2):69-76.

11. Uçar Y, Aysan-Meriç İ, Ekren O. Layered manufacturing of dental ceramics: fracture mechanics, microstructure, and elemental composition of lithography‐sintered ceramic. J Prosthet Dent. 2019;28(1):e310-8.

12. Kallala R, Daly MS, Gassara Y, Dakhli R, Touzi S, Hadyaoui D, et al. Rationalizing indication of ceramic veneers: A systematic review. EAS J Dent Oral Med. 2021;3(2):51-8.

13. Alothman Y, Bamasoud MS. The success of dental veneers according to preparation design and material type. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2018;6(12):2402-8.

14. Sisler ZS. Preparation guides: 10 steps to maximize success for veneer preparation. J Cos Dent. 2020;35(4):26-33.

15. AlJazairy YH. Survival rates for porcelain laminate veneers: a systematic review. Eur J Dent. 2021;15(2):360-8.

16. Durán OG, Henríquez GI, Guzmán MÁ, Báez RA, Tisi LJP. A step-by-step conservative approach for CAD-CAM laminate veneers. Case Rep Dent. 2017;2017:1-6.

17. Li RWK, Chow TW, Matinlinna JP. Ceramic dental biomaterials and CAD/CAM technology: state of the art. J Prosthodont Res. 2014;58(4):208-16.

18. Marchesi G, Camurri PA, Nicolin V, Turco G, Di LR. Chairside CAD/CAM materials: current trends of clinical uses. Biology (Basel). 2021;10(11):1-11.

19. Su Y, Xin M, Chen X, Xing W. Effect of CAD-CAM ceramic materials on the color match of veneer restorations. J Prosthet Dent. 2021;126(2): 255.e1-7.

20. Spitznagel FA, Boldt J, Gierthmuehlen PC. CAD/CAM ceramic restorative materials for natural teeth. J Dent Res. 2018;97(10):1082-91.

21. Höland W, Schweiger M, Watzke R, Peschke A, Kappert H. Ceramics as biomaterials for dental restoration. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2008;5(6):729-45.

22. Bona DA, Nogueira AD, Pecho OE. Optical properties of CAD-CAM ceramic systems. J Dent. 2014;42(9):1202-9.

23. Alghazzawi TF, Lemons J, Liu PR, Essig ME, Janowski GM. Evaluation of the optical properties of CAD-CAM generated yttria-stabilized zirconia and glass-ceramic laminate veneers. J Prosthet Dent. 2012;107(5):300-8.

24. Belli R, Wendler M, Ligny Dd, Cicconi MR, Petschelt A, Peterlik H, et al. Chairside CAD/CAM materials: part 1. Measurement of elastic constants and microstructural characterization. Dent Mater. 2017; 33(1):84-98.

25. Us Y, Yüzbasioioglu E, Albayrak B, Özdemir G. Digital smile design: predictable results. J Exp Clin Med. 2021;38(3):123-28.

26. Jreige CS, Kimura RN, Segundo ÂR, Coachman C, Sesma N. Esthetic treatment planning with digital animation of the smile dynamics: a technique to create a 4-dimensional virtual patient. J Prosthet Dent. 2022;128(2):130-8.

27. Zarina R, Jaini J, Raj R. Evolution of the software and hardware in CAD/CAM Systems used in dentistry. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res. 2017;4(4):284-91.

28. Chochlidakis KM, Papaspyridakos P, Geminiani A, Chen CJ, Feng IJ, Ercoli C. Digital versus conventional impressions for fixed prosthodontics: Systematic review and meta-analysis. J Prosthet Dent. 2016;116(2):184-90.

29. Coachman C, Georg R, Bohner L, Rigo LC, Sesma N. Chairside 3D digital design and trial restoration workflow. J Prosthet Dent. 2020;124(5):514-20.

30. Veneziani M. Ceramic laminate veneers: clinical procedures with a multidisciplinary approach. Int J Esthet Dent. 2017;12(4):426-48.

31. Lee S, Kim JE. Evaluating the precision of automatic segmentation of teeth, gingiva and facial landmarks for 2D digital smile design using real-time instance segmentation network. J Clin Med. 2022;11(3):1-12.

32. Yuce M, Ulusoy M, Turk AG. Comparison of marginal and internal adaptation of heat‐pressed and CAD/CAM porcelain laminate veneers and a 2‐year follow‐up. J Prosthet Dent. 2019;28(5):504-10.

33. Gallardo YR, Bohner L, Tortamano P, Pigozzo MN, Lagana DC, Sesma N. Patient outcomes and procedure working time for digital versus conventional impressions: a systematic review. J Prosthet Dent. 2018;119(2):214-9.

34. Zhang Y, Kelly JR. Dental ceramics for restoration and metal veneering. Dent Clin North Am. 2017;61(4):797-819.

Osotprasit P, Lauvahutanon S, Jiangkongkho P. The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers: A case reports/series. CM Dent J [Internet]. 2023 Nov 16 [cited 2024 Jul 15];44(3):13-26. Available from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=204

Osotprasit, P., Lauvahutanon, S. & Jiangkongkho, P. (2023). The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers. CM Dent J, 44(3), 13-26. Retrieved from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=204

Osotprasit, P., Lauvahutanon Sasipin and Jiangkongkho Pornpot. 2023. "The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers." CM Dent J, 44(3), 13-26. https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=204

Osotprasit, P. et al. 2023. 'The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers', CM Dent J, 44(3), 13-26. Retrieved from https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=204

Osotprasit, P., Lauvahutanon, S. and Jiangkongkho, P. "The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers", CM Dent J, vol.44, no. 3, pp. 13-26, Nov. 2023.

Osotprasit Pimchanok, Lauvahutanon Sasipin, Jiangkongkho Pornpot "The CAD/CAM Technology and Digital Smile Design for Fabricated Ceramic Veneers." CM Dent J, vol.44, no. 3, Nov. 2023, pp. 13-26, https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=204