The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate loading on postoperative insulin resistance, inflammation, and recovery following orthognathic surgery.

Methods: Twenty healthy patients were evenly randomized to receive 12.5% oral carbohydrate drink (CHO group) which is 50 g of glucose (400 ml) or placebo drink three hours before surgery. Insulin resistance, determined by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured before and after orthognathic surgery. Length of stay, time to readiness for discharge (TRD) from postanesthetic care unit (PACU), postoperative complications, and quality of postoperative recovery were also documented. Regression analysis was used to explore independent effect of preoperative carbohydrate loading.

Results: Postoperative HOMA-IR and IL-6 levels showed no statistically significant difference between groups. TRD from PACU was significantly shorter in CHO group (p=0.01). No significant differences of length of stay, postoperative complications, and quality of recovery were observed.

Conclusions: Preoperative carbohydrate loading did not improve postoperative insulin resistance and inflammation following orthognathic surgery. However, this intervention significantly enhanced recovery in postanesthetic care unit.

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Detpong W, Powcharoen W, Tachasuttirut K, Sansiri R, Chanthima P, Koonyosying P. The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers: Original articles. CM Dent J [Internet]. 2022 May 30 [cited 2024 Jun 16];43(2):79-87. Available from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=173

Detpong, W., Powcharoen, W., Tachasuttirut, K., Sansiri, R., Chanthima, P. & Koonyosying, P. (2022). The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers. CM Dent J, 43(2), 79-87. Retrieved from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=173

Detpong, W., Powcharoen Warit,Tachasuttirut Kathawut,Sansiri Rawisara, Chanthima Phuriphong and Koonyosying Pimpisid. 2022. "The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers." CM Dent J, 43(2), 79-87. https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=173

Detpong, W. et al. 2022. 'The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers', CM Dent J, 43(2), 79-87. Retrieved from https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=173

Detpong, W., Powcharoen, W., Tachasuttirut, K., Sansiri, R., Chanthima, P. and Koonyosying, P. "The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers", CM Dent J, vol.43, no. 2, pp. 79-87, May. 2022.

Detpong, W., Powcharoen, W., Tachasuttirut, K., et al. "The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Loading on Postoperative Insulin Resistance and Recovery Following Orthognathic Surgery: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial in Healthy Volunteers." CM Dent J, vol.43, no. 2, May. 2022, pp. 79-87, https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=173