Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair

Objective: To evaluate the effect of surface treatment with mechanical and/or chemical procedures on the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of a repaired, aged resin composite.

Methods: Forty-eight half-hourglass-shaped resin composite blocks (ClearfilTM AP-X ES-2 shade A1) with a surface area at the narrowest part of 1.5x8.0 mm. were prepared by means of metal split mold. All specimens were divided into six groups of eight pieces. The blocks in Group 1 were stored in distilled water at 37 °C for 24 hours. The others (Groups 2-6) were subjected to 15,000 cycles of thermocycling, then stored in distilled water at 37 °C for six months with weekly water replacement. The speciTM SE Bond; Group 3 (+CoSE), CoJetTM followed by ClearfilTM SE Bond; Group 4 (+CoSiB), CoJetTM followed by silane coupling agent which was a mixture of ClearfilTM porcelain bond activator and primer of ClearfilTM SE Bond in a 1:1 ratio for 60 seconds, then bonding; Group 5 (+HFSE), 9.5% hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds, followed by ClearfilTM SE Bond; and Group 6 (+HFSiB), 9.5% hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds, followed by silane coupling agent, then bonding. After surface treatments, each specimen was repaired into a hourglass-shaped by a split mold using ClearfilTM AP-X ES-2 shade A4, to simulate the repair of an old restoration. After 24 hours storage in 37°C distilled water, all specimens were sectioned to achieve a surface area at the narrowest part of 1.5x0.7 mm, 5 pieces/specimen. MTBS between the resin composites was determined using a universal testing machine (crosshead speed of 1 mm/min). All bond strength data were statistically analyzed using One-way ANOVA test followed by Dumens were treated with different procedures: Group 1 (-SE) and Group 2 (+SE) as negative and positive control groups, respectively, Clearfilnnett’s T3 multiple comparisons test, with significance set up at p < 0.05. Treated surfaces and interfaces were examined under a scanning electron microscope.

Results: The various surface treatments combined with the aging conditions exhibited significant effects on MTBS. The negative control group (-SE) showed the highest MTBS. On the other hand, the MTBS of all aged groups were decreased; however, two of the treatments (+CoSiB and +HFSE) showed significantly greater MTBS than did the other treatments. The +CoSE treatment exhibited the lowest MTBS.

Conclusions: Surface treatment with 9.5% hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds, followed by ClearfilTM SE Bond and CoJetTM, followed by silane coupling agent and bonding, significantly improved the MTBS of a repaired, aged resin composite.

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Kittiwinichnan N, Kunawarote S. Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair: Original articles. CM Dent J [Internet]. 2019 May 01 [cited 2024 Jul 15];40(2):81-92. Available from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=88

Kittiwinichnan, N. & Kunawarote, S. (2019). Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair. CM Dent J, 40(2), 81-92. Retrieved from: https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=88

Kittiwinichnan, N., and Kunawarote Sitthikorn. 2019. "Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair." CM Dent J, 40(2), 81-92. https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=88

Kittiwinichnan, N. et al. 2019. 'Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair', CM Dent J, 40(2), 81-92. Retrieved from https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=88

Kittiwinichnan, N. and Kunawarote, S. "Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair", CM Dent J, vol.40, no. 2, pp. 81-92, May. 2019.

Kittiwinichnan Neeranuch, Kunawarote Sitthikorn "Effect of Surface Treatment Methods on Microtensile Bond Strength of Aged Resin Composite Repair." CM Dent J, vol.40, no. 2, May. 2019, pp. 81-92, https://www.dent.cmu.ac.th/cmdj/frontend/web/?r=site/viewarticle&id=88